Novruz Holiday: Its History, Essence and Philosophy

Novruz Holiday: Its History, Essence and Philosophy

From time immemorial, people celebrated the spring through a variety of names, ceremonies and rituals, having bid farewell to the snowy and frosty winter that created great difficulties related to the existence of life.

The history of Novruz (New Day), celebrated by Azerbaijanis like many Turkic-speaking peoples, as one of the first ethnic groups of human civilization, dates back centuries - long before the spread of Islam in Azerbaijan.

Azerbaijanis first celebrate 4 Tuesdays as Water, Fire, Wind and Earth Tuesdays. The reason for this is that water, fire, wind and earth, according to some ancient beliefs, are four elements that govern life, and the awakening of the nature is celebrated on these elements.

Water Tuesday - rivers that freeze from winter frosts, start melting with the first breath of spring, and gradually begin to moisten the soil; Fire Tuesday - the sun warms the soil, and people begin to feel the breath of spring, the warmer weather and start to think about the garden and planting; Wind Tuesday - the cold and warm winds blowing signal the coming spring; the slumbering wind has woken up, starts blowing and stirs water and fire. Earth Tuesday - a sign that the soil, moistened with water and heated by the sun, is ready for planting.

The arrival of Novruz is artfully described and glorified in spring poetry (Bahariya), widespread and popular in Eastern classical literature, as well as Azerbaijani.