Attempts to create an Armenian state in Nagorno-Karabakh in the early XIX century

Attempts to create an Armenian state in Nagorno-Karabakh in the early XIX century

The Armenians' claims for the Azerbaijani lands, including Karabakh, cannot be viewed outside the prism of Russia's active occupation policy. In fact, since the end of the seventeenth century, the Armenians, who have a special 'talent' to skillfully manipulate and fabricate historical documents, began to prepare the ground for the implementation of their far-fetched claims, to find the way to the 'heart' of Russia and European countries, and since the beginning of the XIX century, they began to make real steps to implement their aggressive plans.The main goal of the Russian Empire that began expansion of the South Caucasus in the early XIX century was to block the way of Ghajar troops to the South Caucasus and the north part of Azerbaijan; to capture the important military strategic the Karabakh, Nakhichevan and Irevan khanates; and pave the way for its own hegemony in the region and establish an insurmountable barrier in the Turkish and Iranian borders.  In this regard, Russia using the religious factor, by the support of the Armenians tried to implement its plan on establishing "the Armenian State" as a foothold  in the Caucasus against Turkey and Iran. It's no coincidence that the Russian historian R. Kovalevsky confessed that before P. D. Sisianov was sent to occupy the Caucasus, he had been tasked to provide special attention and care to the Armenians, protect and use them in the implementation of Tsarist Russia's military plans.Even since the beginning of the XVIII century the resettlement of Armenians in the Azerbaijani lands was the part of aggressive plans of the Russian Empire on the establishment of the  Armenian State in the Azerbaijani territory. As soon as Russia had finished with the occupation of the Northern khanates of Azerbaijan; it began to actively implement its intention to create a buffer Christian state on the border with Iran and Turkey.In 1805, after the signing of Kurekchay Treaty, i.e. just after the transfer of the Karabakh Khanate under the patronage of Russia, in order to consolidate imperial power in Karabakh, P. D. Sisianov started to settle urgently the Armenians to this land from other provinces of the South Caucasus.And for this reason, the Christians - Gregorianized Albanians comprising a small part of the local population in the Karabakh khanate then, under the influence of the Armenians who were replaced there from other areas, betrayed the interests of the country where they lived, began by all means to help Russian troops with food and money, organized diversions in Russia's favour, and were engaged in espionage.. Prior to 1823, due to the resettled Armenians in Karabakh, the total population of the province had reached 4366 families. But as this didn't satisfy the Russian Empire, the process of mass resettlement of the Armenians in the Azerbaijani lands, including Karabakh started. In order to realize this intention, the Russian Empire, relying on Paragraph 15 of Turkmenchay Treaty, immediately started mass migration of the Armenians from Iran to North Azerbaijan lands, mainly on the territory of Garabakh, Irevan and Nakhchivan khanates. This bloody policy of the Russian Empire was designed to create in the future the Armenian state on the ancient Azerbaijani lands. Moreover, certain Russian authors don't deny this repulsive policy of Russia. The Treasury allocated 25 thousand roubles in silver to help poor Armenian families that had been settled in Northern Azerbaijan. Lazarev and his subordinate Armenian officers' responsibilities were limited to bringing immigrants to the border. After that this work was entrusted to the management committee set up under the Provisional Office of Irevan that was especially dealing with resettlement of the Armenians. The Committee should send representatives to meet the group of immigrants at the border and then accompany them to new settlements. Duke Abkhazov, Chief of military customs district, was in charge of this duty in Karabakh. In early 1828, duke Abkhazov placed the majority of 750 Armenian families that had been settled in the territory of Azerbaijan in Barda city. Information on the replacement of the Armenians from Iranian areas in Northern Azerbaijan provided by Colonel Lazarev is reflected in the Final Report that was sent to Count Paskevich on December 24, 1829.  It was pointed out that the resettlement operation began on February 26, 1828 and was completed on June 11, 1828. This bloody policy had been led by Gazarosh Lazaryan , an Armenian colonel that differed with his special zeal.Thus, the policy of resettlement of the Armenians from Iran to the western lands of Northern Azerbaijan and Karabakh was the beginning of the displacement of Azerbaijanis from their native lands and preparation for the birth of the 'Armenian state'. The subsequent course of future events proved once again that the Iranian Armenians had been settled in Northern Azerbaijan with a special purpose - to create a 'new homeland' for them.
However, as the nation,  the Armenians being the children of Turkmenchay Treaty, at all times, have a special ability to distort the historical truth in their favour and they have never left their territorial ambitions towards Garabagh - the Azerbaijani  lands. It is known that the Kurekchay Treaty between the Karabakh Khanate of Azerbaijan and Russia was signed in 1805. It was called as 'Treaty between the Khan of Karabakh and the Russian Empire on the transfer of the khanate under the power of Russia, dated May 14, 1805'. According to the Treaty, the Karabakh Khanate accepted the Russia patronage, and Russia confirmed that the land of the Karabakh Khanate remained in the possession of Ibrahim Khan, more exactly, of Azerbaijan, and in the future - the heir of the Karabakh Khan. However, the Armenian historians, ignoring the true story of an attempt to distort the actual content of the Kurekchay Treaty, declare that the territory of the Karabakh Khanate, allegedly belonged to the Armenians, and as if the treaty had been signed between the Armenians and Russia. Although the resettlement of the Armenians from Iran and Turkey in Azerbaijan, particularly, in the territory of the Karabakh Khanate, began many years after the signing of the Kurekchay Treaty in 1805, namely in 1828. The Garabagh Armenians marked the 150th anniversary of their resettlement in the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh in 1978 and they erected a monument on this occasion in the village Margushevan Agdere district of Daghlig Garabagh. In order 'to erase the traces of historical truth', the Armenian separatists destroyed the monument, testifying about foreignness of the Armenians in Garabakh in 1988. At present, the fragments of the monument are in Agdere district of Azerbaijan.The historical truths confirm the facts that throughout the history the aborigines of Garabagh have always been the Azerbaijanis. The Armenians have always been  the settlers, on other words, ethnicity on these lands.


 Guntekin NAJAFLI

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